(also Per-t em hru, or Coming forth by the Day)
The Book of the Dead is a collection of ancient Egyptian funerary texts from a variety of periods. Most of the texts were originally from the inside of a sarcophagus, and later on papyrus that was buried with the body of the deceased. Most of these texts included spells and charms that were inteded for the dead to use in the afterlife.
The name "Book of the Dead" was coined by Karl Richard Lepsius, who published a collection of these texts in 1842.
E. A. Wallis Budge published an overview of these texts, also titled The Book of the Dead.