Mesopotamian mythology is essentially the combination of the ancient Babylonian, Assyrian, Akkadian and Sumerian myths. Each of these peoples developed their own religions, but due to their proximity to one another, their mythology became intertwined and are collectively presented in this section. Mesopotamian mythology was also influenced by other surrounding cultures, including the Hittites and the Phoenicians. Given this diverse background, some areas of Mesopotamian myth are inconsistent, as some groups and tribes held to some of their original beliefs, while incorporating some of others.
The region once known as Mesopotamia is the area of southwestern Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, an area that is now modern-day Iraq. It is estimated that humans first settled in the region before 5000 BCE. One of the most significant areas of human civilization, Mesopotamia's importance went down when its large irrigation system was destroyed by the Mongols in 1258 CE. This area gave birth to many of the world's modern religions, Islam, Judaism and Christianity, all of which are rooted in these ancient religions.