Ancient Mythology

Roman names for Greek gods

The following is a list of the Greek gods that are represented in Roman mythology, along with their names in Roman myths.

Greek God Roman Name Notes
Amphitrite Salacia Salacia is of far less importance to Roman mythology than Amphitrite is to the Greek.
Ananke Necessitas  
Aphrodite Venus  
Apollo Apollo Roman religion and mythology recognize Apollo.
Ares Mars  
Artemis Diana  
Asclepius Vediovis  
Athena Minerva  
Charites or Graces Gratiae  
Demeter Ceres  
Dike Justitia or Iustitia Dike and her mother, Themis, were both identified with Justitia, and aspects of both goddesses appear in the Roman version.
Dionysus Bacchus  
Eirene or Irene Pax  
Eris Discordia  
Eros Cupid  
Eumenídes, Erinýes
or The Furies
Dirae or The Furies  
Gaea Terra Mater The Latin Terra Mater means “mother earth”.
Hades Pluto Originally Pluto was a god of wealth, and his association with Hades came later. Before Pluto assumed this role in Roman culture, Dis Pater was the god of the underworld, like Hades.
Harmonia Concordia  
Helios Sol Helios is more closely identified with the later title Sol Invictus.
Hephaistos Vulcan  
Hera Juno  
Heracles Hercules  
Hermes Mercury Mercury was originally an Etruscan god who was incorporated into Roman mythology. Stories and attributes from Hermes were added later.
Hestia Vesta  
Horae or Hours Horae  
Kronos Saturn  
Leto Latona  
Moerae/Moirai
or The Fates
Parcae or Fata In Greek the three Moerae are Atropos, Clotho and Lachesis. Their Latin (Roman) names were Morta, Nona and Decima, respectively.
Nike Victoria  
Ouranos Uranus  
Pan Faunus  
Persephone Proserpina  
Phobos Timor  
Poseidon Neptune  
Rhea Ops  
Themis Justitia or Iustitia Themis and her daughter, Dike, were both identified with Justitia, and aspects of both goddesses appear in the Roman version.
Tyche Fortuna  
Zeus Jupiter  

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